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Inverness Airport Case Study


Scotland, UK


Highland and Island Airport Limited (HIAL)

  • Onshore
  • Hydrogen
  • Hydrogen Services
  • Hazard Identification
  • Sustainable Aviation
  • Hydrogen-Based Fuelling Services


Inverness Airport, owned and operated by Highland and Island Airport Limited (HIAL), has been selected for Project HEART.  The aim of HEART is to explore how to improve the commercial and environmental operations of subregional aviation using green hydrogen and fuel cell electric powered aircraft, alongside new automation, and airport design proposals.   

Being an important location for the development of sustainable aviation fuel across Scotland and the UK, Inverness Airport will act as a blueprint for similar hydrogen development projects for aviation in the future. 


Highland and Island Airport Limited (HIAL)  commissioned Penspen to identify the hazards which may arise from the introduction of a hydrogen-based fuelling services (production, storage, handling, and dispensing) at Inverness Airport. The project included identifying hazards, their causes, consequences, and potential mitigation. 


Penspen provided subject matter expertise on hydrogen safety, advising the project team on the hazard identification (HazID) process, with the aim of: 

  • Identifying the hazards associated with the introduction of hydrogen-based fuelling services at Inverness Airport.  
  • Investigating  the causes of the identified hazards.  
  • Identifying potential consequences (incidents/accidents) which may arise from the identified hazards. 
  • Investigating  potential mitigations/controls that will prevent the identified hazards occurring or limit the consequences. 
  • Developing safety requirements for the design and implementation of the hydrogen-based fuelling services 

 The infrastructure considered for the HazID included the following: 

  • Hydrogen Production (Electrolysis) 
  • H2 Compression 
  • H2 Storage
  • H2 Transportation to aircraft
  • H2 Fuelling (& defueling) of aircraft
  • Operation of H2 fuelled aircraft 

Want to learn more? Contact Penspen’s Asset Integrity Experts.

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